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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Agrippa II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D.

Marcus Julius Agrippa (Herod Agrippa II) was the eighth and last Herodian dynasty ruler. He was educated in Rome at the court of Claudius. When his father died he was only seventeen, so Claudius kept him at Rome, and sent a procurator to govern Judaea. On the death of King Herod of Chalcis, his uncle's small Syrian kingdom was given to Agrippa as a tetrarchy, with the right of superintending the Temple in Jerusalem and appointing its high priest. In 53, Claudius made him king of the territories previously ruled by Philip: Batanea, Trachonitis and Gaulonitis, and the kingdom of Lysanias in Abila. In 55, Nero added the cities Tiberias and Taricheae in Galilee, and Iulias in Peraea. In 57, Chalkis was given to his cousin, Aristobulus. Paul the Apostle pleaded his case before Agrippa and his sister Berenice at Caesarea Maritima, probably in 59 or 60 (Acts 26). Agrippa expended large sums beautifying Jerusalem and other cities, especially Berytus (ancient Beirut). His partiality for the latter, and the capricious manner in which he appointed and deposed high priests made unpopular with his Jewish subjects. During the First Jewish Revolt against Rome, 66 - 73, Agrippa II sent 2,000 men, archers and cavalry, to support Vespasian, showing that, although a Jew in religion, he was entirely devoted to the Roman Empire. He accompanied Titus on campaigns, and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. After the capture of Jerusalem, he went with his sister Berenice to Rome, where he was invested with the dignity of praetor and rewarded with additional territory. Flavius Josephus, the Jewish historian, repeats the gossip that Agrippa lived in an incestuous relationship with his sister, Berenice.

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., for Domitian

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |for| |Domitian||full| |unit|
We use the dating provided by RPC Online, which adopts 60/61 A.D. for year 1 of the era used by Agrippa II. This solves a number of issues with previous dating schemes, but adds the oddity of a large number of issues of posthumous coinage for Vespasian and Titus. This coin struck for Titus, for example; dated year 30 using this era is 89/90 A.D. Titus died in 81 B.C.
JD98848. Bronze full unit, Hendin 6328 (RR); RPC Online II 2296; BMC Palestine p. 243, 56; SNG ANS 315; Meshorer TJC 179; Sofaer p. 268 & pl. 218, 260, gF, well centered, earthen encrustation, edge split, weight 10.858 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA ∆OMITIA KAICAP A ΓEPMANI (Emperor Domitian Caesar Germanicus), laureate head of Titus right; reverse Tyche-Demeter standing slightly left, head left, stalks of barley in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ETOY - EΛ BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA (year 35, King Agrippa) in two lines divided across the field below center; from an Israeli collection; rare; $180.00 (181.80)


|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta| |for| |Titus||half| |unit|
A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. Agrippa II sent 2,000 men, archers, and cavalry to support Vespasian. He accompanied Titus on campaigns and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. He ruled until at least 95 A.D., but his territories were in Syria, Northern Palestine, and Galilee and excluded Jerusalem and Judaea.
SH09634. Bronze half unit, RPC II 2276 (specimen 11), Hendin 6314a, Meshorer TJC 160a, aVF, green patina, weight 14.74 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; obverse KAICAP CEBAC - AVTOKP TITOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Titus right; reverse Nike advancing right, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder, star right, ETO - KS BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA in two lines divided across filed; extremely rare; SOLD


|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |for| |Claudius||AE| |19|
Paul was accused by Jewish leaders of blaspheming God, desecrating the temple, encouraging people to disobey Mosaic Law, sedition, insurrection, and creating riots against the government. Paul appealed, using his right as a Roman citizen for a decision from the Emperor in Rome. He was imprisoned in Caesarea Maritima awaiting transport to Rome. Agrippa and Bernice met with the Roman governor Festus a few days later. They held a hearing to discuss the charges. Paul described his conversion on the road to Damascus, then said, "I preached that they should repent and turn to God and prove their repentance by their deeds. I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happenthat the Christ would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would proclaim light to his own people and to the Gentiles." Festus thought Paul was out of his mind. He couldnt understand why the Jewish leaders would bother with him. Agrippa said, "Are you trying to convert me?" Paul replied, "Short time or long - I pray God that not only you, but all who are listening to me today may become what I am, except for these chains." Agrippa and Festus later agreed Paul had not done anything that deserves death or imprisonment. Agrippa said to Festus, "This man could have been set free if he had not appealed to Caesar."
SH08599. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online I 4851; Hendin 6296; Meshorer TJC 347; Sofaer 79; SNG ANS 1097; BMC Palestine 1; Maltiel-Gerstenfeld 136, aVF, weight 5.57 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Tiberias (Israel) mint, 53 - 54 A.D.; obverse KΛAY∆IOY KAICAPOC (of Claudius Caesar), Upright palm frond, L - IΓ (Claudius' year 13) across fields; reverse TIBE/PIAC in two lines within wreath; SOLD










REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.com/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 6th Edition. (Amphora, 2021).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Kadman, L. The Coinage of Caesarea Maritima. Corpus Nummorum Palaestinensium 2. (Jerusalem, 1957).
Maltiel-Gerstenfeld, J. 260 Years of Ancient Jewish Coinage. (Tel Aviv, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. (New York, 2013).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Caesarea Paneas" in INJ 8 (1984-5), pp. 37-58
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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