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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lycia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Lycia, Anatolia

Lycia, on the southern coast of Anatolia, was first recorded in the Late Bronze Age records of ancient Egypt and the Hittite Empire. In 546 B.C. when Lycia was involuntary incorporated into the Persian Empire, the local population was decimated, and the area received an influx of Persians. Lycia fought for Persia in the Persian Wars. Intermittently free after the Greeks defeated the Achaemenid Empire, it briefly joined the Athenian Empire, it seceded and became independent, was under the Persians again, revolted again, was conquered by Mausolus of Caria, returned to the Persians, and went under Macedonian hegemony at the defeat of the Persians by Alexander the Great. Lycia was totally Hellenized under the Macedonians. The Lycian language disappeared from inscriptions and coinage. On defeating Antiochus III in 188 the Romans gave Lycia to Rhodes for 20 years, taking it back in 168 B.C. The Romans allowed home rule under the Lycian League, a federation with republican principles, which later influenced the framers of the United States Constitution. In 43 A.D. Claudius dissolved the league and made Lycia a Roman province. It was an eparchy of Byzantine Empire. A substantial Christian Greek community lived in Lycia until the 1920s when they were forced to migrate to Greece following the Greco-Turkish War.Lycia

Kalynda, Lycia, 1st Century B.C.

|Lycia|, |Kalynda,| |Lycia,| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |10|NEW
Kalynda was probably at the boundary of Lycia and Caria; Ptolemy (xxxi, 16) places it in Lycia, Stephanus Byzantius in Caria. Strabo places it 11 km from the sea, west of the Gulf of Glaucus, and east of Caunus. Herodotus indicates its territory bordered Caunus. Kalynda's king, Damasithymos, was an ally of Queen Artemisia I of Caria, and was at the Battle of Artemisium and the Battle of Salamis with a ship on the side of Xerxes. Kalynda was afterwards, as it appears from Polybius, subject to Caunus; but after revolted from Caunus, it placed itself under the protection of the Rhodians. It is mentioned among the cities that struck coins in the Roman period. Its site is located near Kozpinar, Turkey.
GB95175. Bronze AE 10, SNGvA 4292; BMC Lycia p. 48, 7; SNG Cop -, VF, green patina, minor porosity, light marks, earthen deposits, weight 1.046 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kalynda (near Kozpinar, Turkey) mint, 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, wearing stephane, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse stag standing right on ground line, KAΛY in exergue; very rare; $150.00 (€123.00)
 


Lycian Dynasts, Mithrapata, c. 380 - 375 B.C

|Lycia|, |Lycian| |Dynasts,| |Mithrapata,| |c.| |380| |-| |375| |B.C||stater|
 
SH19453. Silver stater, Podalia Hoard 110, aEF, weight 9.747 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, reverse MEXPAΠA-TA, large triskeles, facing bust of Hermes lower left, all in incuse square; irregular oval shaped flan; rare; SOLD


Oinoanda, Lycia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Lycia|, |Oinoanda,| |Lycia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||didrachm|
 
SH20828. Silver didrachm, cf. BMC Lycia 73 and SGCV II 5318 (listed as unique), near Mint State, with luster, weight 7.643 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Zeus right, B and lotus scepter behind; reverse OINOAN/∆EΩN, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, Γ and grape cluster right; very rare; SOLD










REFERENCES|

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Heipp-Tamer, C. Die Münzprägung der lykischen Stadt Phaselis in griechischer Zeit. (Saarbrücker, 1993).
Hill, G. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Hurter, S. "A New Lycian Coin Type: Kherêi, Not Kuperlis" in INJ 14 (2000-2).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Noe, S "A Lycian Hoard" in Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society. (New York, 1958).
Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines, Supp. VII. Lycia. (Paris, 1809).
Mørkholm, O. "The Classification of Lycian coins before Alexander the Great" in JNG XIV (1964).
Müseler, W. Lykische Münzen in europäischen Privatsammlungen. (Istanbul, 2016).
Olçay, N. & O. Mørkholm. "The Coin Hoard from Podalia" in NC 1971.
Price, M. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Price, M. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, |Part 6: Phrygien-Kappadokien; Römische Provinzprägungen in Kleinasien. (Berlin, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia-Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
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Vismara, N. Monetazione Arcaica della Lycia. (Milan, 1989 -1996).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ANS ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).

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