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Kingdom of Bosporus

The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was an ancient Greco-Scythian state in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the more famous Bosphorus beside Istanbul at the other end of the Black Sea). Its mixed population adopted the Greek language and civilization. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. It was a Roman province from 63 to 68 A.D., under Nero. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and included all the territories of the Crimea in the structure of his state. The Bosporan Kingdom became the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, retaining semi-independent status until it was overrun by the Huns, c. 375 A.D. Bosporan Kingdom

Kingdom of Bosporus, Sauromates I, c. 93 - 123 A.D.

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Sauromates| |I,| |c.| |93| |-| |123| |A.D.||48| |nummi|
Tiberius Julius Sauromates I Philocaesar Philoromaios Eusebes (his epithets mean, lover of Caesar, lover of Rome, and the Pius) was the Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. Through his paternal grandfather, Sauromates I was a descendant of Mark Antony. Through his paternal grandfather, Sauromates I was a descendant of Greek Macedonian Kings: Antigonus I Monophthalmus, Seleucus I Nicator and Regent, Antipater. He was also a descendant of Roman Client Rulers Polemon I of Pontus, Pythodorida of Pontus and Cotys VIII of Thrace and and from the Monarchs Mithridates VI of Pontus and his first wife, his sister Laodice and the previous Bosporan King Asander.
GB93819. Bronze 48 nummi, RPC Online III 860 (16 spec.); MacDonald Bosporus 398/6; Anokhin 454; Frolova Coinage, p. 124. 3, aVF, dark garnet patina with highlighting earthen deposits, weight 14.001 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, 4th series, 3rd group, c. 108 - 115 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC CAYPOMTOY, diademed and draped bust right; reverse MH (48 nummi) within wreath; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $95.00 (€87.40)
 


Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II (III), 211 - 228 A.D., Caracalla Reverse

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Rheskuporis| |II| |(III),| |211| |-| |228| |A.D.,| |Caracalla| |Reverse||stater|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH59734. Electrum stater, Frolova 200 and pl. 45, 14 (same dies); MacDonald Bosporus 555/2, SGICV 5482 var. (date), Choice aEF, weight 7.836 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 215 - 216 A.D; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPI∆OC, diademed and draped bust right, club before; reverse laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right, BIΦ (year 512) below; ex Freeman and Sear, ex Forum (2007); conservative "nearly EF and attractive" grade by David Sear, perfect centering and great strike; SOLD


Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II (III), 211 - 228 A.D., Caracalla Reverse

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Rheskuporis| |II| |(III),| |211| |-| |228| |A.D.,| |Caracalla| |Reverse||stater|
SH53612. Electrum stater, MacDonald Bosporus 556/1, aVF, weight 7.656 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 216 - 217 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPI∆OC, diademed and draped bust right, sword before; reverse laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right, ΓIΦ (year 513) below; SOLD










REFERENCES

Anokhin, V. Monetnoye delo Bospora (The Coinage of the Bosporus). (Kiev, 1986).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Frolova, N. The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 69 - 238. BAR 56. (Oxford, 1979).
Frolova, N. The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 242–341/342. BAR 166. (Oxford, 1983).
Frolova, N. & S. Ireland. The Coinage of the Bosporan Kingdom From the First Century BC to the Middle of the First Century AD. BAR 1102. (Oxford, 2002).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus, Classical Numismatic Studies 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia. (London, 1889).
Zograph, A. Ancient Coinage, Part II, Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).

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