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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pontos||View Options:  |  |  |   

Pontos

Pontus is a historical Greek designation for a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. The name was derived from the Greek name of the Black Sea, Pontos Euxeinos ("Hospitable Sea"), or simply Pontos. The extent of the region varied through the ages but generally extended from the borders of Colchis (modern Georgia) until well into Paphlagonia in the west, with varying amounts of hinterland. Several states and provinces bearing the name of Pontus or variants thereof were established in the region in the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods, culminating in the late Byzantine Empire of Trebizond. Pontus is sometimes considered as the home of the Amazons, with the name Amazon used not only for a city (Amasya) but for all of Pontus in Greek mythology.

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Zela, Pontos

|Pontos|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Zela,| |Pontos|, |AE| |31|NEW
According to Strabo, Zela had the temple of Anaitis, who was also revered by the Armenians.
SH92637. Bronze AE 31, Dalaison Zela 80 (D18/R64); BMC Pontus p. 41, 3 var. (ΠON); Rec Gen 9 var. (ΠONT), VF, broad flan, light corrosion, weight 14.423 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 345o, Zela (Zile, Turkey) mint, 205 - 206 A.D.; obverse AY KAI M AYPH ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ZHΛITWN TOY ΠONTOY, hexastyle temple (of Anaitis), further pediment seen between divided pediment in front, ET PMB (year 142) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|NEW
The thyrsos (thyrsus) is the staff carried by Dionysus (Bacchus) and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy. It was a symbol of the immortality of his believers.
GB93484. Bronze AE 16, Rec Gen p. 53, 25; HGC 7 251 (R); SNG Stancomb 691 var. (monogram lower left); BMC Pontus p. 18, 57 var. (diff. monogram); SNG BM 1192 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, attractive dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, scattered 9999light porosity, weight 3.613 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse thyrsos, bell attached with fillet, AMI-ΣOY flanking across field, ΩΣ monogram lower right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |22|NEW
Amisos was a rich commercial center under the kings of Pontus, a royal residence and fortress of Mithridates, and was the home of the fabled Amazons.
GB93485. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 1205; SNG Stancomb 698; BMC Pontus, p. 18, 53; Rec Gen p. 65, 24; HGC 7 243, aEF, well centered and struck on a broad flan, attractive style, grainy porous surfaces, weight 8.483 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse cista mystica, on which rests panther skin and thyrsos, monogram upper left field, AMIΣOY below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |21|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93486. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM 1221; SNG Cop 134; SNG Stancomb 705; BMC Pontus p. 15, 24; SNGvA 56 var. (monogram), VF, dark tone with brassy high points, highlighting buff earthen deposits, light scratches, mildly porous, tiny edge cracks, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse eagle standing half left on thunderbolt, head turned back right, open wings, monogram left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Amastris, Paphlagonia, c. 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amastris,| |Paphlagonia,| |c.| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |22|NEW
Amastris was a Persian princess, a niece of the Persian King Darius III. Her second husband was Dionysius, tyrant of Heraclea Pontica, in Bithynia. She bore him two sons, Clearchus II and Oxyathres. After the death of Dionysius, in 306 B.C., she became guardian of their children and ruler of Heraclea. Amastris married Lysimachus in 302 B.C.; however, Lysimachus soon abandoned her and married Arsinoe II. She founded the city Amastris, on the sea-coast of Paphlagonia, shortly after 300 B.C. by conquering and combining four smaller towns: Sesamus, Cromna, Cytorus and Tium. Tium later regained its autonomy, but the other three remained part of the city of Amastris' territory. She was drowned by her two sons about 284 B.C.
GB93477. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 1316 - 1318, SNG Cop 308; cf. BMC Pontus p. 85, 9 (monogram); SNG Stancomb 736 -737 (same); SNGvA 157 (same), F, brown toned brass, some light encrustations, weight 7.454 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Amastris (Amasra, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse aegis with facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) in center; reverse Nike advancing right, holding palm across shoulders, AMAΣ-TPE across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.|, |AE| |22|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93478. Bronze AE 22, cf. SNG BM 1177 ff.; BMC Pontus p. 19, 69 ff.; HGC 7 242 (various controls), VF, uneven strike, flan adjustment marks, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse aegis with facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) in center; reverse Nike advancing right, holding palm frond across shoulders behind, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, monograms (controls) lower left and right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |100| |-| |85| |B.C.|, |AE| |20|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93479. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG BM 1159; SNG Stancomb 678; BMC Pontus p. 17, 46; Rec Gen p. 68, 31; SNG Cop 154; HGC 7 241, VF, green patina with earthen highlighting, flan adjustment marks, weight 8.658 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI-ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent with horns up upper left, IB upper right, ΩΠA monograms lower left, monogram (off flan) lower right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |13|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93480. Bronze AE 13, SNG Stancomb 670; HGC 7 255 (R1); Rec Gen p. 52, 23 & pl. VII, 13; SNG Cop 138; SNG Black Sea -; BMC Pontos -, VF, dark patina, light marks, scattered spots of minor corrosion, weight 2.367 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, rule of Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse tripod lebes, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |17|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93481. Bronze AE 17, SNG BM 1129; SNG Stancomb 655; Lindgren-Kovacs 32; BMC Pontus p, 19, 65; Rec Gen p. 70, 36; HGC 7 249, VF, attractive style, well centered, porosity, light corrosion, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, rule of Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Perseus right, wing in hair; reverse cornucopia, flanked on each side by a pileus surmounted by a star, AMI−ΣOY divided across field below pilei; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Amisos, Pontos, 300 - 125 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |300| |-| |125| |B.C.|, |reduced| |siglos|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93482. Silver reduced siglos, SNG Stancomb 663 var. (different monogram), SNG BM 1113 var. (same), SNGvA 50 var. (same), HGC 7 233 (R1), SNG Cop -, VF/F, well centered, light porosity, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, magistrate At..., 300 - 125 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Hera-Tyche right, wearing low turreted stephanos; reverse owl standing facing on shield, wings open, ATI(?) monogram under left wing; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00




  






REFERENCES|

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