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Coins from the Bible
Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

|Manuel| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Manuel| |I| |Comnenus,| |8| |April| |1143| |-| |24| |September| |1180| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own." Wroth is the only reference that identifies the Manuel side as the obverse. For this example, Wroth appears to be correct.
BZ95155. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 16; CLBC 4.4.3; Hendy p. 120 & pl. 17, 10; Wroth BMC 62; SBCV 1969; Grierson 1095; Morrison BnF 61/Cp/AE/30; Sommer 61.14; Ratto -, F, uneven strike, obverse off center, porosity/corrosion, weight 3.595 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1152 - 1160 A.D.; obverse Christ standing facing on dias, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse MANVHΛ ∆ECΠOTH (Manuel, despot), emperor standing facing, wearing crown, divitision and chlamys, labarum with X on shaft in right, globus cruciger in left; from the S. Lindner Collection, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; rare; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

|Manuel| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Manuel| |I| |Comnenus,| |8| |April| |1143| |-| |24| |September| |1180| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own."
BZ95158. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 14; Hendy pl. 17, 5-6; Wroth BMC 70; Grierson 1093; SBCV 1967, gF, porosity, edge crack, beveled edge on reverse, weight 2.859 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1152 - 1160 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, raising right hand in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse MANVHΛ ∆ECΠOTHC, bust facing, wearing crown, stemma, divitision collar-piece and paneled loros, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $112.00


Romanus III Argyrus, 12 November 1028 - 11 April 1034

|Romanus| |III|, |Romanus| |III| |Argyrus,| |12| |November| |1028| |-| |11| |April| |1034|, |histamenon| |nomisma|
Romanus III was fanatically devoted to the Virgin. His adoration found expression in the building and restoration of churches dedicated to St. Mary and also explains the Virgin's prominence on his coinage. MΘ is a Greek abbreviation for Mητερα Tου Θεου - Mother of God. ΘCE abbreviates Θεοτοκε - God-bearer, also referring to the Virgin. On one of his types, a silver miliaresion, the inscription reads: Παρθενε σοι πολυαινε ος ηλιτικη παντα κατοπθοι, which means, "He who places his hopes on thee, O Virgin all-glorious, will prosper in all he does."
RS94631. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1d, Morrisson BnF 43/Cp/AV/01, Ratto 1972, Sommer 43.2.2, SBCV 1819, Wroth BMC 2, Choice VF, well centered, highest points flat (not fully struck), weight 4.311 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 11 Apr 1034; obverse + IhS XIS REX REςNANTIhm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ enthroned, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium, & colobium, raises hand, holds Gospels; reverse ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW (god-bearer help the Romans), MΘ (mother of God) above center, nimbate Virgin (on right) wears pallium and maphorium, with right hand she crowns Romanus, who is bearded and wears a crown, sakkos and loros, globus cruciger in his right, four pellets in loros end below globus; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $1100.00 SALE |PRICE| $990.00


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

|Focas|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Focas,| |23| |November| |602| |-| |5| |October| |610| |A.D.|, |solidus|
In 610, Gundemar succeeded Witteric as king of the Visigoths and the Avars tried to invade Italy.
SH94504. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10e.6; Wroth BMC 6; Morrisson BnF 8/Cp/AV/15; Tolstoi 9; Sommer 9.10; Hahn MIB II 11; SBCV 620; Ratto -, VF, well centered, a few scratches, light deposits, die wear, weight 4.301 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 609 - 5 Oct 610 A.D.; obverse d N N FOCAS PERP AVC, bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross on circlet and without pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), angel standing facing, staurogram staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; from the Ray & Sophia Collection; $550.00 SALE |PRICE| $495.00


Byzantine Empire, Romanus III Argyrus, 12 November 1028 - 11 April 1034

|Romanus| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Romanus| |III| |Argyrus,| |12| |November| |1028| |-| |11| |April| |1034|, |histamenon| |nomisma|
Romanus III married Zoe, daughter of Constantine VII. He thought a lot of himself, but in fact, was inept, corrupt and self-absorbed. His government was corrupt and mismanaged. He made the fatal mistake of ignoring his wife Zoe. He was poisoned and drowned.
SH95342. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1d.1, Morrisson BnF 43/Cp/AV/01, Ratto 1972, Sommer 43.2.2, SBCV 1819, Wroth BMC 2, Choice EF, well centered, beautiful Madonna, mild obverse die wear, weight 4.372 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 11 Apr 1034; obverse + IhS XIS REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ enthroned, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium, & colobium, right hand raised in benediction, Gospels in left; reverse ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW (god-bearer help the Romans), MΘ (mother of God) above center, nimbate Virgin (on right) wears pallium and maphorium, with right hand she crowns Romanus, who is bearded and wears a crown, sakkos and loros, right hand to his breast, globus cruciger in his left, four pellets in loros end below globus, two groups of four pellets in diamond shape on skirt of the Virgin; ex Miller's Mint Ltd. (Patchogue, NY); scarce; $1100.00 SALE |PRICE| $990.00


Hungary, Matthias II, 1608 - 1619

|Hungary|, |Hungary,| |Matthias| |II,| |1608| |-| |1619|, |denar|
Matthias hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. He granted religious concessions to Protestants but was opposed by the more intransigent Catholic Habsburgs who forced him to revise his liberal policies.
MA95673. Silver denar, Huszr 1147 (R8), SCWC KM 40.1, gVF, well centered, mint luster, die wear, weight 0.565 g, maximum diameter 1.438 mm, die axis 0o, Kremnitz mint, 1619; obverse MATDGROISHVBR (Matthias, by the Grace of God, forever Emperor of the Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia), crowned two-part shield with Hungarian arms (rpdian stripes and double cross in crown on thee hills), K-B (privy mark) in fields; reverse PATROHVNGA1619 (Patroness of Hungary), Madonna seated facing, crowned, infant Jesus in her left arm, cross in right hand; $10.00 (9.20)


Jerusalem or Tyre, 18 - 19 A.D., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver, Lifetime of Christ

|30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |Jerusalem| |or| |Tyre,| |18| |-| |19| |A.D.,| |Judas'| |30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver,| |Lifetime| |of| |Christ|, |shekel|
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SL96054. Silver shekel, RPC Online I 4657 (8 spec.); BMC Phoenicia p. 248, 199; Rouvier 2103; Cohen DCA 920; HGC 10 357, NGC Ch XF, strike 4/5, surface 2/5 (5769683-005), weight 12.58 g, maximum diameter 25 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, lifetime of Christ, 18 - 19 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart (Herakles) right, Nemean Lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, wings closed, right talon on ship's ram, transverse palm frond on far side, Phoenician letter bet between legs, PM∆ (year 144) and club left, KP over monogram right; NGC| Lookup; $3300.00 SALE |PRICE| $2970.00


Byzantine Empire, John II Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.

|John| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |John| |II| |Comnenus,| |15| |August| |1118| |-| |8| |April| |1143| |A.D.|, |aspron| |trachy|
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.
BZ95160. Billon aspron trachy, DOC IV-I 10; CLBC 3.3.2; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/B/02; Hendy pl. 10, 9; Wroth BMC 53; SBCV 1944; Grierson 1070; Sommer 60.7; Ratto -, VF, well centered and struck, porous, scyphate, weight 4.221 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Aug 1118 - 8 Apr 1143 A.D.; obverse IC-XC (Greek abbr.: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ), Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, gospels in left hand; reverse + Iω ∆εC-ΠOT ΠΦVPOΓNHT (or similar), bust of John facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding cruciform scepter and globus cruciger; from the S. Lindner Collection; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Byzantine Empire, John II Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.

|John| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |John| |II| |Comnenus,| |15| |August| |1118| |-| |8| |April| |1143| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler, and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.
BZ95151. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 12; CLBC I 3.4.1, Wroth BMC p. 564, 62; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/AE/1; Ratto 2099; SBCV 1945; Sommer 60.8; Hendy pl. 11, 5-7; Grierson 1071, VF, minor encrustations, some porosity, spots of corrosion, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Aug 1118 - 8 Apr 1143 A.D.; obverse Christ standing facing on dais, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, Gospels in left hand, IC-XC (Greek abbr.: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ); reverse + Iw ∆ECΠOT TW ΠΦVPOΓNT (or similar, blundered), John standing facing, wearing crown, stemma, divitision, collar-piece and a simplified jeweled loros, cruciform scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Byzantine Empire, Michael VII Ducas, 24 October 1071 - 24 March 1078 A.D.

|Michael| |VII|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Michael| |VII| |Ducas,| |24| |October| |1071| |-| |24| |March| |1078| |A.D.|, |2/3| |miliaresion|
Michael's reign was a period of disasters and territorial losses. Unable to face these challenges, Michael VII abdicated and lived as a monk for the last 12 years of his life.
BZ94299. Silver 2/3 miliaresion, DOC III part 2, 8, Wroth BMC 22, Sommer 55.7, Morrisson BnF 55/Cp/AR/7, SBCV 1876, F, toned, off center, holed, weight 1.321 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 24 Oct 1071 - 24 Mar 1078 A.D.; obverse bust of virgin Mary, nimbate, wears pallium and maphorium, holds nimbate infant Christ, MP/ - ΘV/ (Greek abbr.: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God); reverse + ΘKE / ROHΘEI / MIXAHΛ / ∆ECΠOTH / TW ∆OVKA (God helps the ruler Michael Ducas) in five lines, ornaments below; very scarce; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00











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