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Home > Catalog > |Roman Coins| > |Roman Provincial| > |Roman Judea and Palestina| > JD93014
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel, the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis in Syria Palestina after the Jewish Revolt. These coin types were used by archaeologists in the 1950's and 60's to locate the remains of the temple complex by comparing the profile of the mountain to the surrounding terrain.
JD93014. Bronze AE 29, cf. BMC Palestine p. 63, 116; Harl Neapolis - (obv. die A6); Sofaer pl. 57, 180 (this rev. die, Otacilia Severa obv.); Rosenberger -; SNG ANS -, VF, broad flan, porous, obverse slightly off center, Neapolis (Nablus, Israel) mint, weight 16.081g, maximum diameter 28.9mm, die axis 180o, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; obverse IMP C M IVL PHILIPPO P F AVG, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL SER-G NEAPOL, Mount Gerizim surmounted by a temple and altar, stairway to temple from colonnade below mountain; all supported by an eagle standing slightly right, wings open; no sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives; from the Jimi Berlin Caesarea Collection (surface find, 1976, Caesarea, Israel); extremely rare; SOLD












Caesarea began as Straton's Tower, a small naval station founded by the king of Sidon, c. 360 B.C. Alexander Jannaeus captured it in 90 B.C. The Romans declared it an autonomous city in 63 B.C.

Herod renamed the the pagan city Caesarea in honor of Caesar Augustus. He built there one of the most impressive harbors of its time, storerooms, markets, roads, baths, temples, public buildings and a palace. When Judea became a Roman province in 6 A.D., Caesarea Maritima replaced Jerusalem as its capital and was the residence of governors, including the Roman prefect Pontius Pilate.

It was at Caesarea that Peter baptized Cornelius the Centurion, the first Christian baptism of Gentiles. Paul visited Caesarea several times and was a prisoner there for two years before being sent to Rome. In 70 A.D., after the Jewish Revolt was suppressed, about 2,500 Jewish captives lost their lives in gladiatorial games at Caesarea.

Caesarea became the capital of Byzantine Palaestina Prima in 390. It fell to Sassanid Persia in in 614, was re-conquered by Byzantium in 625, then lost for good by the Byzantines to the Muslim conquest in 640. The population fell and the harbor silted up and was unusable by the 9th century.

By 1047 the town was redeveloped, when Nasir-i-Khusraw described it as, "a fine city, with running waters, and palm-gardens, and orange and citron trees. Its walls are strong, and it has an iron gate."Caesarea was taken by Baldwin I in the First Crusade, in 1101. Saladin retook the city in 1187, but it was recaptured by the Europeans during the Third Crusade in 1191. In 1265, the Mamluks destroyed it completely to prevent its re-emergence as a Crusader stronghold.

In 1952, a Jewish town of Caesarea was established near the ruins. The ruins of the ancient city, on the coast about 2 km south of modern Caesarea, were excavated in the 1950s and 1960s and the site was incorporated into the new Caesarea National Park in 2011.

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 25, 2020.
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J. Berlin Caesarea