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Home > Catalog > |Roman Coins| > |Constantinian Era| > |Julian II| > RL93013
Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
In 351, Constantius Gallus built a new church in honor of Saint Babylas at Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and transferred the remains of the bishop to it to neutralize the pagan effects of the nearby temple of Apollo. In 362, Julian consulted the oracle of Apollo at the temple in Daphne, but received no answer, and was told that it was because of the proximity of the saint. He had the sarcophagus of the martyr exhumed and removed. A few days later, on October 22, a mysterious fire broke out consuming the roof of the temple and the statue of the god, copied from Phidias' statue of Zeus at Olympia. Julian, suspecting angry Christians, closed the cathedral of Antioch and ordered an investigation. Ammianus Marcellinus reports "a frivolous rumor" laid blame on candles lit by a worshipper late the previous night (XXII, 13). John Chrysostom claimed a bolt of lightning set the temple on fire. The remains of Babylas were reinterred in a church dedicated to him on the other side of the River Orontes.
RL93013. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Antioch 217 (R2), LRBC II 2641, SRCV V 19162, Cohen VIII 38, Voetter -, gVF, toned copper surfaces, porous and a little rough from light corrosion, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight 8.089g, maximum diameter 26.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 362 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), Bull standing right, two stars above, ANTΓ between two palm fronds in exergue; from the Jimi Berlin Caesarea Collection; rare; $110.00




  






REFERENCES|

Huvelin, H. "L'atelier d'Antioche sous Claude II" in NAC XIX (1990), pp. 251-271.
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in Numismatic Chronicle 1993, pp. 65 - 75, pl. 11.

Catalog current as of Friday, January 17, 2020.
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Antioch