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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Roman Coins| > |Roman Provincial| > |Roman Syria| > RY92567
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
|Roman| |Syria|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleukis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria|,
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity,” for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. 6th Century Antioch
RY92567. Bronze AE 19, McAlee 782(a); Butcher 470; SNG Cop 243 var. (star vice diamond); BMC Galatia p. 203, 433 var. (same), F, black patina with highlighting natural red earthen deposits, tight flan, porosity, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight 4.869g, maximum diameter 18.7mm, die axis 0o, obverse AVT KAI MAP AVP ANTΩNEINOC CE (or similar), laureate head right; reverse ∆ E (∆ EΠAPXEIΩN - "of the four eparchies") above, large S•C (senatus consulto), eagle with spread wings and head right below, all within laurel wreath closed at the top with a diamond (containing pellet?); from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00










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