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Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |England| > UK91703
England, William I the Conqueror, 1066 - 1087 A.D.
William I the Conqueror was Duke of Normandy and the first Norman King of England. In the 1050s and early 1060s William became a contender for the throne of England, then held by the childless Edward the Confessor, his first cousin once removed. There were other potential claimants, including the powerful English earl Harold Godwinson, who was named the next king by Edward on the latter's deathbed in January 1066. William argued that Edward had previously promised the throne to him and that Harold had sworn to support William's claim. William built a large fleet and invaded England in September 1066, decisively defeating and killing Harold at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066. After further military efforts William was crowned king on Christmas Day 1066, in London. Several unsuccessful rebellions followed, but by 1075 William's hold on England was mostly secure, allowing him to spend most of the rest of his reign on the continent. William died in September 1087 while leading a campaign in northern France, and was buried in Caen. His reign in England was marked by the construction of castles, the settling of a new Norman nobility on the land, and change in the composition of the English clergy. He did not try to integrate his various domains into one empire but instead continued to administer each part separately. William's lands were divided after his death: Normandy went to his eldest son, Robert Curthose, and his second surviving son, William Rufus, received England. This type is believed to be the last type of William I's reign. It may have continued into the reign of William II.
UK91703. Silver penny, PAXS type; SCBC 1257, North 848, BMC Norman Kings 8, SCBI -, aEF, light tone on luster, die wear, parts of legends weak, tight flan, moenyer Aefwine, Wilton mint, weight 1.377g, maximum diameter 19.9mm, die axis 180o, c. 1083 - 1087; obverse + PILLELM REX, crowned and diademed bust facing, trefoil scepter in right hand held over left shoulder; reverse + IELFPINE ON PIIL (or similar), cross patte, within each angle an annulet containing one letter of the the word PAXS; SOLD










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Catalog current as of Friday, December 6, 2019.
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