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Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy De Lusignan, 1186 - 1190 A.D. Or Kingdom of Cyprus, 1192 - 1194 A.D.
Guy of Lusignan, a French Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of the Lusignan dynasty, was king of the crusader state of Jerusalem from 1186 to 1192 by right of marriage to Sibylla of Jerusalem, and of Cyprus from 1192 to 1194. As the health of his brother-in-law, Baldwin IV, deteriorated, Guy was appointed regent for his stepson by Sibylla, Baldwin V. Baldwin IV died in 1185, followed shortly by Baldwin V in 1186, leading to the succession of Sibylla and Guy to the throne. Guy's reign was marked by increased hostilities with the Ayyubids ruled by Saladin, culminating in the Battle of Hattin in July 1187, during which Guy was captured, and the fall of Jerusalem itself three months later. Following a year of imprisonment in Damascus, Guy was released by Saladin. After being denied entry to Tyre, one of the last crusader strongholds, by Conrad of Montferrat, Guy besieged Acre in 1189. The siege, during which Guy's wife died, developed into a rallying point for the Third Crusade, led by Philip II of France and Richard I of England. Guy entered a bitter row with Conrad over the kingship of Jerusalem; despite Richard's support for the widower king, Conrad married Sibylla's half-sister Isabella and was elected king by the nobility of the kingdom. Conrad was assassinated by the days after the election; Richard's and Guy's involvement in the incident is suspected, but unproven. Nevertheless, Guy was compensated for the dispossession of his crown by being given lordship of Cyprus in 1192, which Richard had taken from the Byzantine Empire en route to the Levant. Guy ruled the Kingdom of Cyprus until his death in 1194, when he was succeeded by his brother Amalric. Metcalf attributes this coin to Guy's rule in Cyprus.
CR91205. Billon fractional dinar, Malloy Crusaders 32b, Schlumberger III 25, Saulcy IX 4-5, Metcalf 628 (Metcalf dates this type to Guy's rule in Cyprus, c. 1192 - 1194), F, earthen deposits, areas of light corrosion, Jerusalem or Cyprus mint, weight 1.425g, maximum diameter 17.6mm, die axis 180o
, 1186 - 1194; obverse + REX GVIDO D, bust facing, wearing crown with trefoils, pellet left and right; reverse + E IERVSALEm, Church of the Holy Sepulchre with dome; $260.00
Catalog current as of Sunday, August 18, 2019.
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