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Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.
|The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity,Ē for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. |
BZ89930. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 271, Wroth BMC 157, Morrisson BnF I 92, Tolstoi 468, Ratto 570, Sommer 4.112, Hahn MIB I 161, Berk 255, SBCV 244, VF, dark green patina, centered on a broad flan, light scratches, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight 1.996g, maximum diameter 18.0mm, die axis 270o
, 551 - 560 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (5 nummi) with cross at center made with center horizontal, star right; scarce
Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 20, 2019.
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