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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Geographic - All Periods| > |Macedonia| > |Koinon of Macedonia| > RP89876
Koinon of Macedonia, Portrait of Alexander the Great, c. 238 - 244 A.D.
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year. The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.
RP89876. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 757; BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunter -, SNG Saroglos -, Lindgren -, Choice F, well centered, green patina, slightly rough, central depressions, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, weight 14.615g, maximum diameter 26.2mm, die axis 225o, time of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POC, head of Alexander the Great right, wearing lion scalp headdress (as Herakles); reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩNBN, two agonistic urns each containing palm on a table with lion's feet; scarce; SOLD




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCMANTGORDIANVSAVG
IMPCAESGORDIANVSPIVSAVG
IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSAVG
IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSPIVSAVG
IMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELIXAVG
MANTGORDIANVSCAES


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III: Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, November 17, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Gordian III