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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Greek Imperial| > |Mesopotamia & Babylonia| > RY89588
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Edessa, Mesopotamia
Edessa is the historical name of an Assyrian town in northern Mesopotamia, refounded on an ancient site by Seleucus I Nicator. Caracalla was assassinated in Edessa in 217 and Valerian was captured by Shapur I at Edessa in 260.

In 230, the Persian King Ardashir I invaded Mesopotamia. Alexander attempted to make peace but was rebuffed. He and his mother Julia Mamaea made their headquarters at Antioch and accompanied the legions. The Roman counterattack was defeated in 232 but both sides suffered heavy losses and agreed to a truce. In 233, Severus Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome to observe his "victory."
RY89588. Bronze AE 27, cf. BMC Arabia p. 106, 93 ff., gF, tight flan, earthen deposits, Mesopotamia, Edessa (Urfa, Sanliurfa, Turkey) mint, weight 9.730g, maximum diameter 26.6mm, die axis 90o, 232 - 235 A.D.; obverse AVT K M A C AΛEΞAN∆POC CEB (or similar), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding round shield [and spear or scepter?]; reverse MHT KOΛ E∆ECCHNWN (or similar), Tyche seated left on rocks, wearing turreted crown, veil, mantle and chiton, holding branch over small flaming altar before, half-length figure of a river-god swimming right at her feet, two stars flanking; ex Roma Numismatics; SOLD


Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des mťdailles. (1897-1898).
Babelon, E. Numismatique d'Edessa. (Paris, 1904).
Bellinger, A. The Syrian Tetradrachms of Caracalla and Macrinus. ANSNS 3. (New York, 1940).
Castelin, K.O. The Coinage of Rhesaena in Mesopotamia. ANSNNM 108. (New York, 1946).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
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Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
RPC Online -
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, XII. Syria-Bactria et India. (Milan, 1991-1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 17, 2019.
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Roman Mesopotamia & Babylonia