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View Categories Home > Catalog > Greek Coins > Geographic - All Periods > Anatolia > Pisidia > GB88941Antiocheia, Pisidia, c. 50 - 20 B.C. During Roman Republic expansion, Anatolia was dominated by the Roman Empire, Pisidia was given to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, which was an ally of Rome. During the following years, the authority gap which could not be filled by these kingdoms remote from central government, led to the rise of powerful pirate kingdoms, especially in Cilicia and Pisidia. The Romans fought against them. Cilicia, Pamphylia, Phrygia and Pisida were freed from pirates and Roman rule was restored in 102 BC. The geographical and strategical position of the region made it difficult to control the area and maintain constant peace. Then Rome started to colonize the area using military legions as a solution to the failure of the locally appointed governors. During the reign of Augustus, eight colonies were established in Pisidia, but only Antioch was honored with the title of Caesarea and given the right of the Ius Italicum, maybe because of its strategic position. The city became an important Roman colony which rose to the position of a capital city with the name of "Colonia Caesarea".
GB88941. Bronze AE 16, SNGvA 4915 (same reverse die), SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, MŁnsterberg -, aEF, attractive near black patina, tight flan cutting off part of reverselegend, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, weight 2.939g, maximum diameter 15.7mm, die axis 90o, magistrate Nikoboulos, c. 50 - 20 B.C.; obverseeagle standing right on thunderbolt, with wings spread, Γ in right field; reverse ANTIOXEΩN clockwise above, NIKOBOVΛOV counterclockwise below, eight-pointed star; extremely rare; SOLD
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