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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |Papal States| > WO88345
Pope Gregory XIII (1572 - 1585), Slaughter of the Huguenots Medal, 1572
|Papal| |States|, |Pope| |Gregory| |XIII| |(1572| |-| |1585),| |Slaughter| |of| |the| |Huguenots| |Medal,| |1572|, The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre in 1572 was a group of assassinations and a wave of Catholic mob violence, directed against the Huguenots during the French Wars of Religion. Traditionally believed to have been instigated by Queen Catherine de' Medici, the mother of King Charles IX, the massacre took place a few days after the wedding day (18 August) of the king's sister Margaret to the Protestant Henry III of Navarre (the future Henry IV of France). Many of the most wealthy and prominent Huguenots had gathered in largely Catholic Paris to attend the wedding. The massacre began in the night of 23-24 August 1572, two days after the attempted assassination of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, the military and political leader of the Huguenots. The king ordered the killing of a group of Huguenot leaders, including Coligny, and the slaughter spread throughout Paris. Lasting several weeks, the massacre expanded outward to other urban centers and the countryside. Modern estimates for the number of dead across France vary widely, from 5,000 to 30,000.
WO88345. Bronze medal, CNORP V 685, Mazio 110, Whitman 14, Lincoln 697, Armand I 37; Engraver: Gianfederigo Bonzanga (known as Federigo Parmesne), EF, beautiful style, a few bumps and marks, scattered minor porosity, reverse die crack, weight 12.830g, maximum diameter 30.4mm, die axis 0o, restrike, 17th or 18th century; obverse GREGORIVSXIIIPONTMAXANI, bust of pope left, wearing camauro and mozzetta, small FP below; reverse VGONOTTORVMSTRAGES1572, Angel advancing right, holding sword in right hand, cross in left hand, entering battleground filled with death; ex Karl Stephens, Inc. (Temple City, CA dealer); rare; SOLD


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