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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, Ptolemy's eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response Ptolemy III invaded the Seleucid Empire, today known as Iraq, Syria, among other nations at the time. During this war, the Third Syrian War, he occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. In exchange for a peace in 241 B.C., Ptolemy was awarded new territories on the northern coast of Syria, including Seleucia Pieria, the port of Antioch. From this capture he received fifteen hundred talents of silver, roughly a tenth of his annual income. During his involvement in the Third Syrian War, he managed to regain many Egyptian works of art that had been stolen when the Persians conquered Egypt. While he was away fighting, he left his wife Berenice II in charge of the country, but swiftly returned when trouble erupted there. New insights of Ptolemy III's sudden return include papyri describing how the Nile river didn't flood for several years, resulting in famine, and a 20-year revolt against Greek rule in Thebes. One theory suggests the changes of the monsoon pattern were linked to a volcanic eruption which took place in 247 B.C.
GP88286. Bronze obol
, Lorber CPE
975; SNG Cop
93; BMC Alexandria
p. 47, 15 - 16 (Ptolemy III); Noeske
165, VF, excellent style
, well centered
, light marks, some striking weakness, beveled obverse
edge, central cavities, Alexandria
14.928g, maximum diameter
27.1mm, die axis
, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse
of Zeus right; reverse
ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King
standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head
left, filleted cornucopia
left, E between legs; ex Ora Eads Collection; ex CNG Sale 41 (19 Mar 1997), lot 1035 (part
$160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Catalog current as of Saturday, May 25, 2019.
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