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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Hellenistic Monarchies| > |Ptolemaic Egypt| > GP88286
Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, Ptolemy's eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response Ptolemy III invaded the Seleucid Empire, today known as Iraq, Syria, among other nations at the time. During this war, the Third Syrian War, he occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. In exchange for a peace in 241 B.C., Ptolemy was awarded new territories on the northern coast of Syria, including Seleucia Pieria, the port of Antioch. From this capture he received fifteen hundred talents of silver, roughly a tenth of his annual income. During his involvement in the Third Syrian War, he managed to regain many Egyptian works of art that had been stolen when the Persians conquered Egypt. While he was away fighting, he left his wife Berenice II in charge of the country, but swiftly returned when trouble erupted there. New insights of Ptolemy III's sudden return include papyri describing how the Nile river didn't flood for several years, resulting in famine, and a 20-year revolt against Greek rule in Thebes. One theory suggests the changes of the monsoon pattern were linked to a volcanic eruption which took place in 247 B.C.
GP88286. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE B368, Svoronos 975; SNG Cop 230; Weiser 93; BMC Alexandria p. 47, 15 - 16 (Ptolemy III); Noeske 165, VF, excellent style, well centered, light marks, some striking weakness, beveled obverse edge, central cavities, Alexandria mint, weight 14.928g, maximum diameter 27.1mm, die axis 0o, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, filleted cornucopia left, E between legs; ex Ora Eads Collection; ex CNG Sale 41 (19 Mar 1997), lot 1035 (part of); SOLD

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 23, 2019.
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