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Kingdom of Chalkis, Coele Syria, Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C.
Ptolemaios son of Mennaios (also known as Ptolemy I), an Ituraean Arab dynast, established the Kingdom of Chalkis, c. 85 B.C., during the collapse of the Seleukid Empire. The kingdom, with its capitol at Chalcis sub Libano at the foot of Antilibanus, included Heliopolis, the valley of the Marsyas, and the mountainous region of Ituraea. In 64 B.C., he bribed Pompey the Great to forgo annexing his kingdom into the new Roman province of Syria and to allow him to continue ruling his territory as Tetrarch. Ptolemaios was succeeded by his son Lysanias, who was put to death by Marc Antony for supporting Mattathias Antigonus over Herod the Great. Antony gave the tiny kingdom of Chalkis to Cleopatra as a gift.
GB88239. Bronze AE 20, Herman
9.a (same countermark
), Lindgren III
1232 (same countermark
), HGC 9
1445 (R1), SNG Cop
-, SNG MŁnchen
-, BMC Galatia
-, aF, well centered
, bumps and marks, corrosion, rough, Chalkis ad Libanon mint, weight
4.162g, maximum diameter
20.4mm, die axis
, 85 - 40 B.C.; obverse bust
right, draped, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; countermark
: male head
right in round punch; reverse
Dioskouroi standing facing each other, each holding a spear; monograms
around; ex FORVM (2000), ex Phil DeVicchi Collection; rare
Catalog current as of Friday, May 24, 2019.
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