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Laodikea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, 80 - 79 B.C.
Laodicea ad Mare prospered thanks to the excellent wine produced in the nearby hills and was also famous for its textiles, both of which were exported to all the empire. A sizable Jewish population lived in Laodicea during the first century. Under Septimius Severus the city was fortified and was made for a few years the capital of Roman Syria: in this period Laodicea grew to be a city of nearly 40,000 inhabitants and had even an hippodrome. Christianity was the main religion in the city after Constantine I and many bishops of Laodicea participated in ecumenical councils, mainly during Byzantine times. The heretic Apollinarius was bishop of Laodicea in the 4th century, when the city was fully Christian but with a few remaining Jews. An earthquake damaged the city in 494 A.D. Justinian I made Laodicea the capital of the Byzantine province of "Theodorias" in the early sixth century. Laodicea remained its capital for more than a century until the Arab conquest.
GB88223. Bronze AE 22, BMC Galatia
p. 248, 10; HGC 9
1405 (R1); SNG MŁnchen
-; SNG Cop
-, VF, green patina
, scratches and marks, corrosion, light earthen deposits, Laodicea
ad Mare (Latakia, Syria
) mint, weight
7.132g, maximum diameter
22.3mm, die axis
, 80 - 79 B.C.; obverse
laureate, bearded head
of Zeus right; reverse tripod lebes
, B (year 2 of the era of Laodikea ad Mare) inner left, ΛAO∆IKEΩN THΣ / IEPA
Σ KAI in two downward lines on right, AYTONOMOY downward on left, EI(?) in exergue
Catalog current as of Thursday, May 23, 2019.
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