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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Geographic - All Periods| > |Anatolia| > |Lydia| > |Philadelphia| > RP88164
Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Philadelphia, Lydia
The magistrate's unusual title, Philokaisar, literally translates, "friend of the emperor." Philadelphia was in the administrative district of Sardis. In 17, the city suffered severely from an earthquake, and Tiberius relieved it of having to pay taxes. In response, the city granted honors to Tiberius. Evidence from coinage reveals that Caligula also helped the city. Under Vespasian, Philadelphia received his cognomen, Flavia. Under Caracalla, Philadelphia housed an imperial cult; its coins bore the word Neokoron (literally, "temple-sweeper," meaning caretaker of the temple). A small theater located at the northern edge of Toptepe Hill is all that remains of Roman Philadelphia.
RP88164. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 3028 (4 spec.), Waddington 5136, Imhoof-Blumer LS p. 118, 18, & Taf. V, 9; BMC Lydia -, aF, dark patina, light scratches, Lydia, Philadelphia (Alasehir, Turkey) mint, weight 4.339g, maximum diameter 18.5mm, die axis 0o, magistrate Kleandros, 16 Mar 37 - 24 Jan 41 A.D.; obverse ΓAIOC KAICAP, bare head right; reverse capricorn left, with cornucopia on its back, monogram left, ΦIΛOKAICAP (Philokaisar) above, ΦIΛA∆EΛΦEΩN (Philadelphia) over KΛEAN∆POC (Kleandros) below; rare; SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CCAESARAVGPONMTRPOTIII
CCAESARAVGGERMANICVS
CCAESARAVGGERMANICVSPONMTRPOT
CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOT
CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIII
CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGSC
CCAESARAVGPONMTRPOTIIICOSIII
CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOT


REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
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Giard, J-B. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, des origines au règne de Caligula (43 avant J.-C. - 41 après J.-C.). (Wetteren, 1983).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Vol. One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
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Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Caligula