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Arados, Phoenicia, 128 - 127 B.C.
|Ancient Arados, surrounded by massive walls on an island about 800 m long by 500 m wide, about 50 km north of Tripolis, was an important trading city with an artificial harbor on the east side toward the mainland. Its powerful navy and ships are mentioned in the monuments of Egypt and Assyria. The Biblical "Arvad" is noted as the forefather of the "Arvadites," a Canaanite people. Arados directly ruled some nearby cities on the mainland, such as Marat (Amrit today) nearly opposite the island, and held hegemony over the northern Phoenician cities from the mouth of the Orontes to the northern limits of Lebanon (similar to Sidon in the south). Under the Persians, Arwad was allowed to unite in a confederation with Sidon and Tyre, with a common council at Tripolis. In 332 B.C., Arados submitted to Alexander the Great without a struggle under her king Strato, who sent his navy to aid Alexander in the reduction of Tyre. The city received the favor of the Seleucid kings of Syria and enjoyed the right of asylum for political refugees. It is mentioned in a rescript from Rome about 138 B.C. in connection with other cities and rulers of the East, to show favor to the Jews. This was after Rome had begun to interfere in the affairs of Judea and Syria and indicates that Arwad was still of considerable importance at that time.|
GB88141. Bronze AE 17, Duyrat
4330 ff. (D46/-); BMC Phoenicia
p. 36, 297; SNG Cop
69; Cohen DCA
770 (S); HGC 10
90, gF, dark patina
, well centered reverse
, light marks, Arados (Arwad, Syria
) mint, weight
4.268g, maximum diameter
17.2mm, die axis
, 128 - 127 B.C.; obverse jugate
busts right of Zeus, laureate, and Astarte
, wearing stephane
prow of galley left, figurehead of Athena
Promachos holding wreath
and trident, Phoenician letters nun and aleph above, Phoenician date year 132 (Aradian era) over Phoenician letter daleth below; ex Moneta
Numismatic Services; SOLD
Catalog current as of Sunday, April 21, 2019.
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