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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Geographic - All Periods| > |Anatolia| > |Ionia| > |Phokaia| > SH87862
Phokaia, Ionia, c. 521 - 478 BC
Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost Ionian city, on the boundary with Aeolis. The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empúries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland Ionia fell to Croesus of Lydia (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., Lydia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia. After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of Ionia. In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.
SH87862. Electrum 1/24 stater, Bodenstedt 20; SNGvA 7939; BMC Ionia p. 207, 29A; Boston MFA 1897; Traité II 2093; Warren 1679, Choice aEF, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, weight 0.658g, maximum diameter 7.4mm, c. 521 - 478 B.C.; obverse ram's head left, seal swimming left below; reverse incuse quadripartite punch; SOLD










REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Sunday, December 8, 2019.
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Phokaia