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Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199
The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II. Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. The legendary Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign.
ME87774. Silver denier, Elias
8b (S), Duplessy Feodales
d'Avant 2536, SCBC-SII
8008 var. (no annulet), VF, uneven and double strike, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, weight
0.768g, maximum diameter
19.3mm, die axis
, 1189 - 1199; obverse
+ RICARDVS REX (King
Richard), cross pattée
within inner dot border
, annulet in third (lower left) quarter; reverse
PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field
Catalog current as of Friday, May 24, 2019.
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