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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |France| > ME87717
France, John II the Good, 26 April 1319 - 8 April 1364
|France|, |France,| |John| |II| |the| |Good,| |26| |April| |1319| |-| |8| |April| |1364|, When John II the Good (French: Jean le Bon) came to power, France faced many disasters: the Black Death killed nearly half its population, there were popular revolts, unemployed mercenaries plundered the country, and losses to the English, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured. While John was a prisoner in London, his son Charles had to suppress several rebellions. To liberate his father, in 1360 Charles concluded the Treaty of Brétigny, by which France surrendered territory and promised to pay an enormous ransom. In an exchange of hostages, including his son Louis, John was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his return in France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency. John tried to get rid of the mercenaries by sending them on a crusade, but Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their planned meeting in Avignon. After his son Louis escaped from captivity, John shocked and dismayed his people by announcing that for "good faith and honor" he would voluntarily return to captivity in England. John was greeted in London in 1364 with parades and feasts, however, a few months after his arrival he fell ill with an unknown malady and died. His body was returned to France, where he was interred in the royal chambers at Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by his son Charles V.
ME87717. Silver Blanc aux quadrilobes, Duplessy 297, Ciani 369, Lafaurie 300, Roberts 2511, F, toned, uneven strike with weak areas, tight flan cutting off parts of outer legend, porosity, weight 1.293g, maximum diameter 24.4mm, die axis 0o, 1st emission, authorized 22 Jan 1352; obverse outer legend: + BNDICTV: SIT: nOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (the name of our Lord Jesus Christ be blessed, triple pellet stops), inner legend: + IO-HAn-nES - REX (King John, no stop); cross potent dividing the inner legend; reverse TVRONVS•CIVIS (City of Tours, pellet stop), Châtel tournois topped with flower, outer border of twelve lis within arches; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; very rare; SOLD











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