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Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, c. 223 - 187 B.C.
At the age of eighteen, Antiochus III inherited a disorganized state. Much of Anatolia had been lost and the easternmost provinces had revolted and broken away. After some initial defeats, Antiochus took Judaea from Ptolemaic Egypt and then conquered Anatolia, earning him the epithet "the Great." In 192 B.C. Antiochus invaded Greece with a 10,000-man army, and was elected the commander in chief of the Aetolian League. In 191 B.C., however, the Romans routed him at Thermopylae, forcing him to withdraw to Anatolia. The Romans followed up by invading Anatolia and defeating him again. By the Treaty of Apamea 188 B.C., Antiochus abandoned all territory north and west of the Taurus, most of which the Roman Republic gave either to Rhodes or to the Attalid ruler Eumenes II, its allies. Many Greek cities were left free. As a consequence of this blow to the Seleucid power, the provinces which had recovered by Antiochus, reasserted their independence. Antiochus mounted a fresh eastern expedition. He died while pillaging a temple of Bel at ElymaÔs, Persia, in 187 B.C.
GS87609. Silver tetradrachm
I 1167(1), Newell ESM
254, SNG von Post
576, VF/F, scratches and marks, pitting
, corrosion, minor edge flaking, Seleukia on the Tigris
(Bagdad, Iraq) mint, weight
15.471g, maximum diameter
29.7mm, die axis
, 204 - 187 B.C.; obverse
Antiochos' diademed head
right, middle aged portrait, horn-like lock of hair above ear; reverse Apollo
naked seated left on omphalos
, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, monogram
Catalog current as of Monday, May 20, 2019.
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