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Home > Catalog > Greek Coins > Hellenistic Monarchies > Seleucid Kingdom > GY87389
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.
Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY87389. Bronze AE 19, Houghton-Lorber II 1499e; BMC Seleucid p. 41, 74; Babelon 609; HGC 9 672 (R1-2), VF, mostly black patina, light deposits, porous, Antioch on the Kallirhoe (Edessa; Urfa, Turkey) mint, weight 6.058g, maximum diameter 19.2mm, die axis 0o, c. 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed head of Antiochos IV right; reverse Zeus standing left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, ANTIOXEΩN downward on right, TΩN / EΠI KAΛΛIPOHI in two downward lines on left, CΩ (control) outer left; rare; $80.00




  






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Catalog current as of Monday, March 18, 2019.
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Persia and Mesopotamia