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Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck after Alexander the Great's death during the joint reign of Philip III, Alexander's brother, and the infant king Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. Magnesia also struck nearly identical drachms during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but the Alexander named on this coin was more likely the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV.
GS87355. Silver drachm
1937, Müller Alexander
323, SNG Cop
952, SNG Alpha Bank
624, HGC 3.1
, 944e, SNG München
-, SNG Saroglos
EF, well centered
and struck, nice style
, radiating flow lines, light marks, tiny encrustations, Ionia
, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin
, Turkey) mint, weight
4.173g, maximum diameter
17.5mm, die axis
, struck under Menander or Kleito, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head
of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion
scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse
AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation
around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle
in extended right hand, long scepter
vertical behind in left hand, bee with head
left on left, spear head
pointed upward outer right; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 67, lot 107; $400.00
Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 24, 2018.
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