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Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene, Syria
Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator who almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself. In 64 B.C. the city was conquered by Rome and renamed Zeugma, meaning "bridge of boats." On the Silk Road connecting Antioch to China, Zeugma had a pontoon bridge across the Euphrates, which was the long time border with the Persian Empire. The Legio IV Scythica was camped in Zeugma. The legion and the trade station brought great wealth to Zeugma until, in 256, Zeugma was fully destroyed by the Sassanid king, Shapur I. An earthquake then buried the city beneath rubble. The city never regained its earlier prosperity and, after Arab raids in the 5th and 6th centuries, it was abandoned again.
RY86830. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online
IV 8532 (52 spec.); SNG Hunterian
2628 (same c/m); BMC Galatia
p. 125, 8 (same); SNG Cop
453 (32 pcs.), aF, c/m VF, tight flan
, earthen deposits, corrosion, edge cracks , Zeugma (Belkis, Turkey) mint, weight
10.192g, maximum diameter
21.5mm, die axis
, 138 - 161 A.D.; obverse
AYTO KAI TIT AIΛ A∆P ANTWNEINOC CEB EY (or similar), laureate head
: 5-pointed star
in same shaped 5 mm punch; reverse
ZEYΓMTEWN, tetrastyle temple
, a rectangular walled and colonnaded peribolos
before the temple containing sacred grove
, crescent with horns up above, obscure officina
letter upper left; ex Beast Coins; $110.00
Catalog current as of Thursday, April 18, 2019.
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