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Byzantine Empire, John VII Palaeologus, Regent for Manuel II, 1399 - 1402 A.D.
|John VII was first made junior emperor in 1376 to 1379, after his father, Andronikos IV, usurped the throne from his grandfather John V. The usurpers were deposed and partially blinded, but allowed to govern Selymbria. John VII followed his father's example and in 1390 also deposed his grandfather, but with the help of Venice and his loyal son Manuel II, John V took back his throne after only five months. Over time, relations between John VII and Manuel II improved. After a five year Ottoman siege, in 1399 Manuel II left for the European courts to ask for military aid. John VII was left as regent to defend the capital. When the Mongol Timur defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Ankara, it forced the Ottomans to lift the siege. Taking advantage of the Ottoman civil war that followed and rival princes seeking Byzantine friendship, John VII secured the return of much of the Turkish-occupied European coast including the city of Thessalonica. On Manuel's return, John dutifully returned power to him and retired to Thessalonica as a semi-independent ruler using the title "Emperor of All Thessaly" for the rest of his life.|
BZ86361. Silver half stavraton, quarter hyperpyron, sigla 8; DOC V 1343 (O11/R4), Bendall PCPC 346.8; Sommer 89.1; Ratto 2269; SBCV 2562, Grierson -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, toned, flan cracks, Imperial mint, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, weight 3.591g, maximum diameter 20.2mm, die axis 180o
, 1399 - 1402; obverse bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, double border with C - P between on opposite sides at center and 14 pellets around; reverse + IWANIC BACIΛEVC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓO (King John Palaeologus), bust of John VII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in left and right fields; rare
Catalog current as of Friday, August 23, 2019.
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