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Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |Papal States| > SH86343
Papal State, Pius IX, 1846 - 1878
Pius IX was the last pope who was also a secular ruler. As monarch of the Papal States, he ruled over some 3 million people. In 1870, the Papal States were seized by force of arms by the newly founded Kingdom of Italy. The matter was only resolved in international law by the Lateran Treaty agreed in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, the latter receiving financial compensation for the loss of the Papal States and Italy recognized the Vatican City State as an independent territorial sovereign entity in International law known as the Holy See. The latter, as before, maintains diplomatic relations with many other states.
SH86343. Gold 20 Lire, Pagani 531, Berman 3333, Muntoni 41, SCWC KM 1382.3, Schlumberger Gold 154, Friedberg 280; Latin Monetary Union; reeded edge, EF, light marks, Rome mint, weight 6.412g, maximum diameter 21.6mm, die axis 180o, 1867; obverse PIVS IX PON MAX A XXII (Pius IX Pontifex Maximus, year 22), bust left, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and pallium, fleuron below; reverse * STATO * PONTIFICIO *, 20 / LIRE / 1867 in three lines within oak and laurel wreath, small R (Rome) below; SOLD










REFERENCES|

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Modesti, A. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (CNORP). (Rome, 2002 - ).
Muntoni, F. Le Monete dei Papi e degli Stati Pontifici, Vol. I-IV. (Rome, 1972).
Pagani, A. Monete Italiane 1796-1961. (Milano, 1962).
Rinaldi, A. Catalogo delle Medaglie Papali Annuali da Pio VII a Paolo VI. (Verona, 1967, 1975 und 1989).
Ryan, J. A Handbook of Papal Coins. (Washington, D.C., 1989).
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Whitman, N. Roma resurgens: Papal medals from the Age of the Baroque. (Ann Arbor, MI, 1983).

Catalog current as of Friday, December 6, 2019.
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Papal States Coins