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Kings of Bosporos, Polemo I, c. 14 - 9 B.C.
The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.
GB85937. Bronze tetrachalkon
p. 52, pl. 33/1, pl. 34/1-5, MacDonald Bosporus
229, SNG Stancomb
256, HGC 7
347 (R2), RPC I
-, SNG BM
-, SNG Pushkin
-, nice VF, bold strike, slightly off center, attractive near black patina
with buff earthen highlighting, scratches, edge cracks, countermark
, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, weight
9.295g, maximum diameter
24.0mm, die axis
, c. 14 - 9 B.C.; obverse head
of gorgon Medusa
(or Perseus? - most references say a gorgon
) right, winged, snakes (or drapery) around neck, obscure round countermark
before; reverse monogram
of Polemo I; very rare
Catalog current as of Thursday, March 21, 2019.
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