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Pheneos, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 370 - 340 B.C.
Traité III 894 says ΣI below and does not describe the AP in the exergue, but the plate appears to match our coin. The other referenced examples have only ΦE above the ram and nothing below on the reverse.
Feneos lies at the foot of Mount Cyllene, the mythical birthplace Hermes. It therefore was an important cult center for Hermes, notably during the annual festival of the Hermaea. Catullus (Poem 68) mentions the seasonal flooding of the plain, drained by an underground channel dug by Hercules during his Twelve Labors. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. In the Aeneid, Evander's fond memories of a visit by Aeneas' father Anchises to Feneos are one factor in his decision to ally his Arcadian colonists to the Trojans.
GB85898. Bronze chalkous
, Traité III
& pl. CCXXV, 3; cf. BCD Peloponnesos
1603; SNG Cop
272; BMC Peloponnesus
p. 193, 7, pl. 36, 5; Weber
II 4320, F, rough, Pheneos (Feneos, Greece
) mint, weight
2.162g, maximum diameter
14.0mm, die axis
, c. 370 - 340 B.C.; obverse head
of young Hermes
right, cloak tied tied around neck and petasos
suspended by cord behind; reverse
ram standing right, ΦE above, IΣ below ram, AP in exergue
; ex Pecunem auction 33 (5 Jul 2015), part
of lot 767, ex CNG, ex BCD Collection
with his round tag; very rare
Catalog current as of Friday, February 22, 2019.
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