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Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea Roma was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful alliance against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the Koinon of Asia and Bithynia requested permission to honor Augustus as a living god. "Republican" Rome despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for divus Augustus jointly with dea Roma. In the city of Rome itself, the earliest known state cult to dea Roma was combined with Venus at the Hadrianic Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea Roma with a Palladium in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.
SH82657. Orichalcum sestertius
, RIC I
330, Cohen I
271, BnF I
417, Mac Dowall WCN
163, Hunter I
100, SRCV I
-, BMCRE I
-, gVF, excellent portrait, fine style, dark green and brown patina
, some corrosion, gently smoothed, Rome
24.425g, maximum diameter
34.3mm, die axis
, c. 66 A.D.; obverse
IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR
AVG GER P M TR P
P P, laureate head
left with light beard; reverse Roma
seated left on cuirass
, one round and one oblong shield
behind, wearing crested helmet, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, Victory
in Roma's extended right hand, her left hand rests on parazonium
, S - C
) at sides; Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 94 (6 Oct 2016), lot 127; ex Classical Numismatic Group 783132 ($1750); $1100.00
Catalog current as of Sunday, May 19, 2019.
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