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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
In 226 B.C., Rhodes suffered an earthquake which damaged and destroyed much of the city. The Colossus of Rhodes snapped at the knees and fell. Polybius records aid promised by Ptolemy III: "300 talents of silver, a million artabas of wheat, timber for the construction of ten quinqueremes and ten triremes, consisting of 40,000 cubits of squared pine planking, 1,000 talents of bronze coinage, 3,000 talents of tow, 3,000 pieces of sail-cloth, 3,000 talents for the repair of the Colossus, 100 architects with 350 workmen, and fourteen talents every year for their wages, and in addition 12,000 artabas of wheat for competitions and sacrifices, and 20,000 for the supplying of ten triremes. Most of this he gave at once, as well as a third of the money promised." This unpublished coin shares the style of an issue struck by mints across Phoenicia, with some of the coins dated year 23. Morkholm has identified the king as Ptolemy III, and the date as 225 - 224 B.C. Prior to this issue, Ptolemy III had last struck silver tetradrachms in 243 B.C. The unusual need for new silver coinage after 17 years was almost certainly to finance his generous gifts to Rhodes.
SH82654. Silver tetradrachm
, Unpublished, cf. Svoronos
701 (control monogram
), VF, bumps, marks, and scratches, obverse
die wear, tight flan
slightly off center, graffiti
(E+?) in reverse
, Tyre mint, weight
14.115g, maximum diameter
27.0mm, die axis
, 225 - 224 B.C.; obverse
of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis
ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ (Ptolemy Savior), eagle
standing left on thunderbolt, head
left, wings closed, Tyre monogram
over club left, monogram
(control symbol) right; very rare
Catalog current as of Thursday, May 23, 2019.
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