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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |Africa| > ME77344
Portugal, Afonso V the African, 1438 - 1481
|Africa|, |Portugal,| |Afonso| |V| |the| |African,| |1438| |-| |1481|, Ceuta, on the north coast of Africa, was captured by Portugal in 1415 from the Kingdom of Fez. Due to its large Spanish population, it was the only city in the Portuguese Empire that sided with Spain when Portugal regained its independence in 1640 and the War of Restoration ensued. Ceuta was formally ceded to Spain in 1668.

A ceitil is one-sixth of a real. A few badly corroded similar Portuguese copper ceitils were found by the archaeologists who discovered Fernando De Soto's first winter campsite, near Tallahassee, Florida. They also found crossbow quarrel points and rings of chainmail.
ME77344. Copper ceitil, cf. Gomes 982, MEC 6 Iberian Peninsula 1020 - 1059, F, uneven strike, flan chip, North Africa, Ceuta mint, weight 1.528g, maximum diameter 21.9mm, die axis 0o, 1438 - 1481; obverse + REX PORTUGALIE ALGA (or similar, King of Portugal and Algarve), shield with arms of Portugal; reverse + ALFOS CEPT ET DOM (or similar, Alfonso Lord of Ceuta), castle of three towers, ramparts, base line and waves below; very rare; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Ballarini, R. The Perfect Form: On the Track of African Tribal Currency. (Milan, 2009).
Denk, R. Das Manillen-Geld Westafrikas: Spurensuche und Spurensicherung 1439 bis 2016. (Russelsheim, 2017).
Gomes, A. Moedas do território português antes da fundação de la nacionalidade (Hispano-romanas). (Lisbon, 1998).
Grierson, P. & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 1: The Early Middle Ages (5th - 10th Centuries). (Cambridge, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Munro-Hay, S. Catalogue of the Aksumite Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1999).
Munro-Hay, S. & B. Juel-Jensen. Aksumite Coinage. (London, 1995).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

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