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Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.
The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.
RP76989. Bronze AE 28, AMNG III
617, SNG Cop
1369 var. (B NEΩ), SNG Saroglos
984 (same), Macdonald Hunter
8, Lindgren I
1381 var. (B N), BMC Macedonia
-, aVF, well centered
, glossy dark green patina
, Beroea(?) mint, weight
12.400g, maximum diameter
27.9mm, die axis
, reign of Gordian III
, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse
AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head
of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON
MAKE∆ONΩN B NE, Athena
seated left, Nike
in right hand, spear in left hand, shield
Catalog current as of Sunday, February 17, 2019.
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