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Cales, Campania, Italy, c. 265 - 240 B.C.
The Romans captured Cales in 335 B.C. and established a colony in 334 with Latin rights of 2,500 citizens. It was an important base in the war against Hannibal. Before 184 B.C. more settlers were sent there. After the Social War it became a municipium. Its fertile territory and manufacture of black glazed pottery, which was even exported to Etruria, made it prosperous. Inscriptions name six gates of the town: and there are considerable remains of antiquity, especially of an amphitheater and theater, of a supposed temple, a Roman necropolis, and other edifices.
GB73620. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop
309; HN Italy
436, SNG ANS
183, cf. BMC Italy
p. 79, 23 (star
of eight rays vice O below), F, green patina
, tight flan
, Cales (Calvi Risorta, Italy) mint, weight
6.161g, maximum diameter
19.6mm, die axis
, c. 265 - 240 B.C.; obverse
CALENO, laureate head
behind; reverse man-faced bull
of sixteen rays above, Θ (or O?) below, CALENO in exergue
Catalog current as of Friday, May 24, 2019.
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