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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Geographic - All Periods| > |Sicily| > |Kamarina| > GB69171
Kamarina, Sicily, c. 420 - 405 B.C.
|Kamarina|, |Kamarina,| |Sicily,| |c.| |420| |-| |405| |B.C.|, A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgs, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GB69171. Bronze onkia, Calciati III, p. 47, 7 (same dies); Westermark-Jenkins, type A, 180; HGC 2 552 (R1); BMC Sicily -; SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Munchen -, EF, light cleaning scratches, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, Sicily, Italy) mint, weight 1.295g, maximum diameter 12.3mm, die axis 270o, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion), smooth neat hair tied with ribbon, symmetrical locks on forehead, eyes looking left, tongue not protruding; reverse KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, head facing, lizard with head down in left talon, pellet (mark of value) in exergue, barley kernel (control symbol) right; rare; SOLD










REFERENCES|

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Westermark, U. & K. Jenkins. The Coinage of Kamarina. Royal Numismatic Society, Special Publication Number 9. (London, 1980).

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