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Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 235 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.
The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.
SH66818. Bronze AE 28, AMNG III
511; cf. BMC Macedonia
p. 24, 113 (1 Nekorie); SNG Cop
1353 (NE not ligate
, no star
); SNG Hunterian
742 (same, time of Gordian III
), VF, excellent centering and strike, Macedonia
, Beroea(?) mint, weight
12.080g, maximum diameter
27.9mm, die axis
, c. 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse
AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head
of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON
MAKE∆ONΩN B NE (NE ligate
seated left, helmeted, Nike
in right hand, spear in left hand, resting left arm on shield
right; ex Gitbud - Naumann Auction 4, lot 231; rare
Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 26, 2019.
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