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Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 55 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to Mesopotamia and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering Phoenicia and Cilicia, he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern border reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and Damascus during his occupation of Syria from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into Armenia with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned part of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule Armenia as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.
SH66375. Bronze four chalci, cf. Nercessian
84; Bedoukian CCA
119; BMC Seleucid
p. 104, 12 (half chalkous
); SNG Cop
-, aF, Damascus
(?) mint, weight
9.332g, maximum diameter
21.2mm, die axis
, c. 83 - 69 B.C.; obverse head
of Tigranes I right wearing five-pointed Armenian tiara
, A behind; reverse
BAΣIΛEΩΣ TIΓPANOY, Nike
advancing left, wreath
in extended right, left hand on hip, uncertain letters outer left; ex Gianni Aiello Collection; rare
$70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Catalog current as of Saturday, May 25, 2019.
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