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Kingdom of Persis, Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C., AR Hemidrachm
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65713. Silver hemidrachm
, cf. Alram IP
574; BMC Arabia
p. 223, 11; Sunrise
47, F, toned
on a hammered broad thin flan
, struck with very worn dies, small edge cracks, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, weight
1.763g, maximum diameter
20.4mm, die axis
, 2nd half of 1st century B.C.; obverse bust
left, short beard, wearing mural crown
, diadem with three ties, torque with two segments, and cloak; reverse king
on right facing left, holding raised scepter
in left hand before a lighted alter, Aramaic legend
in square around; $40.00
Catalog current as of Monday, May 20, 2019.
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