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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Hellenistic Monarchies| > |Kingdom of Persis| > GS65712
Kingdom of Persis, Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C.
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65712. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Sunrise 600; Tyler-Smith 62; Alram IP 571; BMC Arabia p. 224, 14, VF, toned, dark encrustations, edge cracks, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, weight 1.872g, maximum diameter 17.9mm, die axis 270o, 2nd half of 1st century B.C.; obverse bust left, pointed beard, wearing Persepolitan crown with turrets and diadem, torque and cloak, star above symbol, pellet border; reverse king on right facing left, holding raised scepter in left hand, symbols in front and behind, uncertain Aramaic legend around; $6.49




  






REFERENCES|

Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. Osterreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. (Wien, 1986).
Classical Numismatic Group. "An American Collection fo the Kings of Persis" in CNG Auction 90, Internet and Mail Bid Sale, 23 May 2012, pp. 162 - 173.
De Morgan, J. Monnaies orientales: numismatique de la Perse antique. (Paris, 1927-1933).
Hill, G. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Klose, D. & W. MŁseler. Die MŁnzen aus Persepolis von Alexander dem GroŖen zu den Sasaniden. (Munich, 2008).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Gyselen, R. ed. New Evidence for Sasanian Numismatics: The Collection of Ahmad Saeedi. (Leuven, Belgium, 2004).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Tyler-Smith, S. "A parcel of Persis drachms, half drachms and obols" in Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 253 - 271.

Catalog current as of Monday, October 21, 2019.
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Kingdom of Persis