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Byzantine Empire, John II, Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.
St. Demetrius, the son of a Roman proconsul in Thessalonica, was captured preaching and imprisoned. His fellow Christian prisoner, Nestoras, a small man condemned to die in the arena, killed the emperor's favored gladiator. Nestoras was beheaded on the spot. Learning that Nestoras had been inspired by Demetrius' blessing, Maximian had Demetrius executed by spears on 26 Oct 306 A.D. After the growth of his veneration as saint, Thessalonica suffered repeated attacks and sieges from the Slavic peoples who moved into the Balkans. Demetrius was credited with many miraculous interventions to defend the city. Hence later traditions Demetrius regard him as a soldier in the Roman army, and he came to be regarded as an important military martyr. Unsurprisingly, he was extremely popular in the Middle Ages, and along with Saint George, was the patron of the Crusades.
BZ62305. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV-1 17; Morrisson BnF 60/Th/AE/10; Hendy p. 11, 15 - 17; Sommer 60.16; SBCV 1955; Ratto -; Wroth BMC -, aVF, uneven strike, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, weight 2.028g, maximum diameter 16.9mm, die axis 180o
, c. 1118 - 1122; obverse Θ / ∆I/MI-T/PI, nimbate bust of St. Demetrius facing in military attire, sword in right hand, shield in left hand; reverse IW - ∆CC, facing bust of John II, wearing crown and loros, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left; rare
Catalog current as of Thursday, August 22, 2019.
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