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Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |Hungary| > ME56309
Hungary, Bela III, 1172 - 23 Apr 1196
Béla III, the second son of King Géza II, was brought up at the Byzantine court. His uncle, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I, designated him as his successor until the birth of his own son. Following the death of his elder brother, who had been fighting against the Byzantine Empire, Béla could only ascend to the throne with the assistance of his uncle Manuel I and Pope Alexander III. A significant part of the Hungarian aristocracy led by his own mother and the Archbishop of Esztergom preferred his younger brother's succession. Béla was one of the most powerful rulers of Hungary and he was also one of the wealthiest monarchs of Europe of his age: his annual revenue was the equivalent of 23 tonnes of pure silver. This exceeded the income of the French king (estimated at 17 tonnes) and was double the receipts of the English Crown.
ME56309. Bronze scyphate follaro, Huszár 72, Unger 114, aEF, Esztergom mint mint, weight 3.884g, maximum diameter 26.4mm, die axis 180o, 1172 - 23 Apr 1196; obverse SANCTA mARTIA, Virgin Mary seated facing, scepter in right hand, infant Christ in left arm; reverse REX BELA REX SCS, two kings seated facing, each with a cruciform scepter in right hand; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Buchenau, H. "Die Münzen der Propstei Wildeshausen" in ZfN 15 (1887), p. 262-280.
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Frynas, J. Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. (London, 2015).
Haskova, J. Chebské mince z 12. a 13. století. (Cheb, 1972).
Huszár, L. Münzcatalog Ungarn. (Munich, 1979).
Peus, B. Sammlung Dr. F. Bonhoff, auction 293, Frankfurt, 27 October 1977.
Réthy, L. Egyetemes Magyar Éremtár, I-II kötet. (Budapest, 1899-1907).
Unger, E. Magyar éremhatározó. (Budapest, 1997).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019.
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Hungarian Coins