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Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.
|The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.|
SH52919. Gold solidus
, RIC IX
Antioch 2(a)ii.2, Depeyrot
30/1, SRCV V
19270, Cohen VIII
28, Hunter V
48 var. (10th officina
), aVF, scrape, 6th officina
, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight
4.286g, maximum diameter
21.9mm, die axis
, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse
D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust
right; reverse RESTITVTOR
REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head
in right, Victory
on globe in left hand, ANTS in exergue
Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 20, 2019.
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