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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |Poland| > ME49336
Poland, John II Casimir Vasa, 1648 - 1668
|Poland|, |Poland,| |John| |II| |Casimir| |Vasa,| |1648| |-| |1668|, John II Casimir, known in Poland as Jan Kazimierz, was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Opole in Upper Silesia, and titular King of Sweden. Unfriendly and secretive, he showed disregard and contempt for Polish culture, divided his time between lavish partying and religious contemplation, and had few friends among the Polish nobility. After his father Sigismund was deposed as King of Sweden in 1599 by his uncle, the Polish kings of the House of Vasa retained their claimed the Swedish throne, leading to the Polish-Swedish War of 1600 - 1629. The feud continued through the Thirty Years' War, and the Russo-Polish war. During the "Swedish Deluge" nearly all of Poland was captured. In 1660, John was forced to renounce his claim to the Swedish throne. The Swedes were forced to retreat but had devastated the entire country. On 16 Sep 1668, John II Casimir abdicated the Polish-Lithuanian throne, joined the Jesuits and became abbot of Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris. He died in 1672.
ME49336. Bronze solidus, Gumowski 1639, SCWC KM 110, VF, Wilna mint, weight 1.369g, maximum diameter 15.7mm, die axis 270o, 1660; obverse IOAN . - CAS . REX, laureate head right; reverse SOLID . REGN . I . POLON . 1660, Polish eagle, crowned with shield on breast; very nice for the type; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Frynas, J. Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. (London, 2015).
Gumowski, M. Handbuch der Polnischen Numismatik. (Graz, 1960).
Herinek, L. Osterreichische Münzprägungen. (Vienna, 1984).
Kopicki, E. Ilustrowany Skorowidz Pieniêdzy Polskich i z Polska Zwiazanych. (Warsaw, 1995).
Kopicki, E. Monety Zygmunta III Wazy. (Szczecin, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
von Saurma-Jeltsch, H. Die saurmasche Münzsammlung deutscher, schweizerischer und polnischer Gepräge. (Berlin, 1892).

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