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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Medieval & Modern Coins| > |Germany| > ME47149
German States, Nuremberg, Guildmaster Hans Krauwinckel, 'School Rechenmeisterl' Type Jetton, 1586 - 1635
|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Nuremberg,| |Guildmaster| |Hans| |Krauwinckel,| |'School| |Rechenmeisterl'| |Type| |Jetton,| |1586| |-| |1635|, Hans Krauwinckel, was a famous maker of jetons, with representatives in Paris and Amsterdam. This type may have been made for use in schools to teach accounting.

Reckoning counters or jetons were used by government officers and merchants for performing financial calculations on a chequer board in a manner similar to using an abacus. Columns were marked with values and rows with transaction details. The system was particularly useful because denominations were not based on the decimal system. The adoption of Arabic numerals, the decimal system, and recognising zero as a value replaced counting boards with written calculations in the 17th century.
ME47149. Brass jeton, Stalzer 22, VF, holed, weight 4.590g, maximum diameter 28.6mm, die axis 0o, obverse HANS KRAUWINCKEL IN NVR (Hans Krauwinckel in Nuremberg), Rechenmeister seated facing, at his counting table, with a pointed beard and moustache, wearing a jacket with voluminous sleeves; reverse * FLEISIGE . RECHNVNG . MACHT . RICHTIKEIT (Diligent accounting makes for accuracy), Alphabet arranged in five lines within a circular inner border; SOLD










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