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The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, c. 18 - 19 A.D.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
JD40482. Silver half shekel, Year unlisted in primary references
; BMC Phoenicia -, Prieur -, RPC I -, F, dark toning, rough, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, weight 6.479g, maximum diameter 19.3mm, die axis 0o
, 21 - 22 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PMZ (year 147) over club left, KP over monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; extremely rare
Catalog current as of Saturday, June 15, 2019.
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