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The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 23 - 24 A.D.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
JD40472. Silver half shekel
, Year unlisted in primary references
; BMC Phoenicia
-, RPC I
-, aF, lamination defects, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, weight
6.428g, maximum diameter
19.2mm, die axis
, 23 - 24 A.D.; obverse
right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse
TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle
standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm
frond behind, PMΘ (year 149) over club left, KP over X? right, Aramaic aleph between legs; extremely rare
Catalog current as of Friday, May 24, 2019.
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