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St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great
In the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fictionalized Historia Regum Britanniae, an account of the supposed Kings of Britain from their Trojan origins to the Anglo-Saxon invasion. According to Geoffrey, Cole was King of the Britons when Constantius, here a senator, came to Britain. Afraid of the Romans, Cole submitted to Roman law so long as he retained his kingship. However, he died only a month later, and Constantius took the throne himself, marrying Cole's daughter Helena. They had their son Constantine, who succeeded his father as King of Britain before becoming Roman Emperor. Historically, this series of events is extremely improbable. Constantius had already left Helena by the time he left for Britain. Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess.
RL29307. Billon centenionalis
, RIC VII
Trier 481, Choice EF
strike, nice patina
, full circles centering, small edge defect, 2nd officina
(Trier, Germany) mint, weight
2.346g, maximum diameter
19.8mm, die axis
, 326 A.D.; obverse
FL HELENA AVGVSTA
, draped bust
SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE (security of the Republic), Securitas
standing half left, branch pointed down in right, raising pallium
with left, STR and dot over crescent in exergue
Catalog current as of Monday, May 20, 2019.
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