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Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.
Although the two concepts are related, virtus, for the Roman, did not necessarily emphasize the behavior that the associations of the present-day English term 'virtue' suggest. Virtus was to be found in the context of 'outstanding deeds' (egregia facinora), and brave deeds were the accomplishments which brought gloria ('a reputation'). This gloria was attached to two ideas: fama ('what people think of you') and dignitas ('one's standing in the community'). The struggle for virtus in Rome was above all a struggle for public office (honos), since it was through aspiring to high office, to which one was elected by the People, that a man could best show his manliness by means of military achievement which would in turn cultivate a reputation and votes. It was the duty of every aristocrat and would-be aristocrat to maintain the dignitas which his family had already achieved and to extend it to the greatest possible degree, through higher political office and military victories. This system resulted in a strong built-in impetus in Roman society to engage in military expansion and conquest at all times.
SH27865. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Mediolanum 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, Choice EF
, beautiful cabinet toning, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, weight 1.174g, maximum diameter 18.6mm, die axis 0o
, 387 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, holding globe and reversed spear, MDPS in exergue; ex NAC; rare
Catalog current as of Friday, August 23, 2019.
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